在各个英语学习论坛上,经常可以看到有关Chinglish(中式英语)的文章,但一般都是中国人写的。不过我看到过一篇长文,也是有关Chinglish的,但却是美国人写的,很有意思。这篇长文的标题是Chinglish 2 English(从中式英语到标准英语),作者是浙江大学的美国外教Chuck Allanson,内容则是Chuck在中国五年任教期间所听到、所看到的各种Chinglish说法。

比如Chuck第一次来中国,下飞机后,负责接待他的东北某大学英语系陈老师说:您刚到,我们吃点饭吧。我们要点Chinese dumpling(饺子)和Chinese beancurd(豆腐),您看可以吗?Chuck以前从未听说过这两种东西,但出于好奇,就说可以,结果饭菜端上来一看,原来就是ravioli(饺子,来自意大利语)和tofu(豆腐,来自日语)。Chuck当时心里暗想,这两种东西,国际上早已经有通用的说法(ravioli和tofu),他们中国人为什么还要用那种生僻的说法呢?以后Chuck跟陈先生混熟了,就问他,当初你为什么不说ravioli和tofu呢?陈先生听了大吃一惊,连忙解释说,我真的不知道这两个词,而且我们的《英汉词典》上也没有这两个词。于是Chuck开始意识到,中国的英语教师、英语课本、甚至英语词典肯定存在问题,否则不可能发生这种事情。在中国五年的任教期间,Chuck收集了大量的Chinglish说法,从中挑选出一组最常见的,编写了上面提到的那篇长文。下面就是这些Chinglish说法,其中每行第一部分是汉语说法,第二部分是Chinglish说法,第三部分则是英语的标准说法。

①欢迎你到… ② welcome you to … ③ welcome to …

①永远记住你② remember you forever ③ always remember you(没有人能活到forever)

①祝你有个… ② wish you have a … ③ I wish you a …

①给你② give you ③here you are

①很喜欢… ② very like … ③like … very much

①黄头发② yellow hair ③ blond/blonde(西方人没有yellow hair的说法)

①厕所② WC ③ men’s room/women’s room/restroom

①真遗憾② it’s a pity ③ that’s too bad/it’s a shame(it’s a pity说法太老)

①裤子② trousers ③ pants/slacks/jeans

①修理② mend ③ fix/repair

①入口② way in ③ entrance

①出口② way out ③ exit(way out在口语中是crazy的意思)

①勤奋② diligent ③ hardworking/studious/conscientious

①应该② should ③ must/shall

①火锅② chafing dish ③ hot pot

①大厦② mansion ③ center/plaza

①马马虎虎② so-so ③ average/fair/all right/not too bad/OK(西方人很少使用so-so)

①好吃② delicious ③ good/nice/tasty/appetizing(delicious在中国被滥用)

①尽我最大努力② try my best ③ try/strive(try的本意就是try my best)

①有名② famous ③ well-known/renowned/legendary/popular(famous在中国被滥用)

①滑稽② humorous ③ funny/witty/amusing/entertaining

①欺骗② to cheat ③ to trick/to play a joke on/to con/to deceive/to rip off

①车门② the door of the car ③ the car’s door

①怎么拼? ② how to spell? ③how do you spell?

①再见② bye-bye ③ bye/see you/see you later/later(bye-bye有些孩子气)

①玩② play ③ go to/do(play在中国被滥用)

①面条② noodles ③ pasta(noodles有些孩子气)

①据说② it is said ③ I heard/I read/I was told

①等等② and so on ③ etc. etcetera

①直到现在② till now ③ recently/lately/thus far

①农民② peasant ③ farmer

①     宣传② propaganda ③ information

 

英语中12个典型的中国式错误

 

1. 这个价格对我挺合适的。

误:The price is very suitable for me.

正:The price is right.

提示:suitable(合适的、相配的)最常见的用法是以否定的形式出现在告示或通知上,如:下列节目儿童不宜。The following programme is not suitable for children. 这句话用后面的说法会更合适。

 

2. 你是做什么工作的呢?

误:What’s your job?

正:Are you working at the moment?

What kind of work are you?

提示:what’s your job这种说法难道也有毛病吗?是的。因为如果您的谈话对象刚刚失业,如此直接的问法会让对方有失面子,所以您要问:目前您是在上班吗?Are you working at the moment?接下来您才问:目前您在哪儿工作呢?Where are you working these days?或者您从事哪个行业呢?What line of work are you in?

 

3. 用英语怎么说?

误:How to say?

正:How do you say this in English?

提示:How to say是在中国最为泛滥成灾的中国式英语之一,这绝不是地道的英语说法。同样的句子有:请问这个词如何拼写?How do you spell that please?请问这个单词怎么读?How do you pronounce this word?

 

4. 明天我有事情要做。

误:I have something to do tomorrow.

正:I am tied up all day tomorrow.

提示:用I have something to do来表示您很忙,这也完全是中国式的说法。因为每时每刻我们都有事情要做,躺在那里睡大觉也是事情。所以您可以说我很忙,脱不开身:I’m tied up.还有其他的说法:I can’t make it at that time. I’d love to, but I can’t, I have to stay at home.

 

5. 我没有英文名。

误:I haven’t English name.

正:I don’t have an English name.

提示:许多人讲英语犯这样的错误,从语法角度来分析,可能是语法功底欠缺,因为have在这里是实义动词,而并不是在现在完成时里面那个没有意义的助动词。所以,这句话由肯定句变成否定句要加助动词。明白道理是一回事,习惯是另一回事,请您再说几话:我没有钱;I don’t have any money.我没有兄弟姐妹;I don’t have any brothers or sisters.我没有车。I don’t have a car.

 

6. 我想我不行。

误:I think I can’t.

正:I don’t think I can.

提示:汉语里说“我想我不会”的时候,英语里面总是说“我不认为我会”。以后您在说类似的英语句子的时候,只要留心,也会习惯英语的表达习惯的。

 

7. 我的舞也跳得不好。

误:I don’t dance well too.

正:I am not a very good dancer either.

提示:当我们说不擅长做什么事情的时候,英语里面通常用not good at something,英语的思维甚至直接踊跃到:我不是一个好的舞者。

 

8. 现在几点钟了?

误:What time is it now?

正:What time is it, please?

提示:What time is it now是一个直接从汉语翻译过的句子,讲英语的时候没有必要说now,因为您不可能问what time was it yesterday, 或者what time is it tommorow?所以符合英语习惯的说法是:请问现在几点了?还有一种说法是:How are we doing for time?这句话在有时间限制的时候特别合适。

 

9. 我的英语很糟糕。

误:My English is poor.

正:I am not 100% fluent, but at least I am improving.

提示:有人开玩笑说,全中国人最擅长的一句英文是:My English is poor. 外国人遇到自己外语不好的情况,他们会说: I am still having a few problem, but I am getting better.

 

10. 你愿意参加我们的晚会吗?

误:Would you like to join our party on Friday?

正:Would you like to come to our party on Friday night?

提示:join往往是指参加俱乐部或者协会,如:join a health club; join the Communist Party.事实上,常常与party搭配的动词是come 或者go。如go a wild party,或者come to a Christmas Party。

 

11. 我没有经验。

误:I have no experience.

正:I don’t know much about that.

提示:I have no experience这句话听起来古里古怪,因为您只需要说那方面我懂得不多,或者这方面我不在行,就行了。I am not really an expert in this area.

 

12. ——这个春节你回家吗?

——是的,我回去。

–Will you be going back home for the Spring Festival?

误:–Of course!

正:–Sure. / Certainly.

提示:以英语为母语的人使用of course的频率要比中国的学生低得多,只有在回答一些众所周知的问题时才说of course。因为of course后面隐含的一句话是“我当然知道啦!难道我是一个傻瓜吗?”因此,of course带有挑衅的意味。在交谈时,用sure或certainly效果会好得多。同时,of course not也具挑衅的意味。正常情况下语气温和的说法是certainly not。

 

常用英语口语绝佳句型100

1. I’m an office worker. 我是上班族。

2. I work for the government. 我在政府机关做事。

3. I’m happy to meet you. 很高兴见到你。

4. I like your sense of humour. 我喜欢你的幽默感。

5. I’m glad to see you again. 很高兴再次见到你。

6. I’ll call you. 我会打电话给你。

7. I feel like sleeping/ taking a walk. 我想睡/散步。

8. I want something to eat. 我想吃点东西。

9. I need your help. 我需要你的帮助。

10. I would like to talk to you for a minute. 我想和你谈一下。

11. I have a lot of problems. 我有很多问题。

12. I hope our dreams come true. 我希望我们的梦想成真。

13. I’m looking forward to seeing you. 我期望见到你。

14. I’m supposed to go on a diet / get a raise. 我应该节食/涨工资。

15. I heard that you’re getting married. Congratulations.听说你要结婚了,恭喜!

16. I see what your mean. 我了解你的意思。

17. I can’t do this. 我不能这么做。

18. Let me explain why I was late. 让我解释迟到的理由。

19. Let’s have a beer or something. 咱们喝点啤酒什么的。

20. Where is your office? 你们的办公室在哪?

21. What is your plan? 你的计划是什么?

22. When is the store closing? 这家店什么时候结束营业?

23. Are you sure you can come by at nine? 你肯定你九点能来吗?

24. Am I allowed to stay out past 10? 我可以十点过后再回家吗?

25. The meeting was scheduled for two hours, but it is now over yet. 会议原定了两个小时,不过现在还没有结束。

26. Tom’s birthday is this week. 汤姆的生日就在这个星期。

27. Would you care to see it/ sit down for a while? 你要不要看/坐一会呢?

28. Can you cover for me on Friday/help me/ tell me how to get there? 星期五能不能请你替我个班/你能帮我吗/你能告诉我到那里怎么走吗?

29. Could you do me a big favor? 能否请你帮我个忙?

30. He is crazy about Crazy English. 他对疯狂英语很着迷。

31. Can you imagine how much he paid for that car? 你能想象他买那车花了多少钱吗?

32. Can you believe that I bought a TV for $25?

33. Did you know he was having an affair/cheating on his wife? 你知道他有外遇了吗?/欺骗他的妻子吗?

34. Did you hear about the new project? 你知道那个新项目吗?

35. Do you realize that all of these shirts are half off? 你知道这些衬衫都卖半价了吗?

36. Are you mind if I take tomorrow off? 你介意我明天请假吗?

37. I enjoy working with you very much. 我很喜欢和你一起工作。

38. Did you know that Stone ended up marrying his secretary? 你知道吗?斯通最终和他的秘书结婚了。

39. Let’s get together for lunch. 让我们一起吃顿午餐吧。

40. How did you do on your test? 你这次考试的结果如何?

41. Do you think you can come? 你认为你能来吗?

42. How was your weekend ? 你周末过得怎么样?

43. Here is my card. 这是我的名片。

44. He is used to eating out all the time. 他已经习惯在外面吃饭了。

45. I’m getting a new computer for birthday present. 我得到一台电脑作生日礼物。

46. Have you ever driven a BMW? 你有没有开过“宝马”?

47. How about if we go tomorrow instead? 我们改成明天去怎么样?

48. How do you like Hong Kong? 你喜欢香港吗?

49. How do you want your steak? 你的牛排要几分熟?

50. How did the game turn out? 球赛结果如何?

51 .How did Mary make all of her money? 玛丽所有的钱是怎么赚到的?

52. How was your date? 你的约会怎么样?

53. How are you doing with your new boss? 你跟你的新上司处得如何?

54 .How should I tell him the bad news? 我该如何告诉他这个坏消息?

55. How much money did you make? 你赚了多少钱?

56. How much does it cost to go abroad? 出国要多少钱?

57. How long will it take to get to your house? 到你家要多久?

58. How long have you been here? 你在这里多久了?

59. How nice/pretty/cold/funny/stupid/boring/interesting.

60. How about going out for dinner? 出去吃晚餐如何?

61. I’m sorry that you didn’t get the job. 很遗憾,你没有得到那份工作。

62. I’m afraid that it’s not going to work out. 我恐怕这事不会成的。

63. I guess I could come over. 我想我能来。

64123 it okay to smoke in the office? 在办公室里抽烟可以吗?

65. It was kind of exciting. 有点剌激。

66. I know what you want. 我知道你想要什么。

67. that why you don’t want to go home? 这就是你不想回家的原因吗?

68. I’m sure we can get you a great / good deal. 我很肯定我们可以帮你做成一笔好交易。

69. Would you help me with the report? 你愿意帮我写报告吗?

70.I didn’t know he was the richest person in the world.我不知道他是世界上最有钱的人。

71.I’ll have to ask my boss/wife first.我必须先问一下我的老板/老婆。

72. I take it you don’t agree. 这么说来,我认为你是不同意。

73. I tried losing weight, but nothing worked. 我曾试着减肥,但是毫无效果。

74.It doesn’t make any sense to get up so early.那么早起来没有任何意义。

75. It took years of hard work to speak good English. 讲一口流利的英语需要多年的刻苦操练。

76. It feels like spring/ I’ve been here before. 感觉好象春天到了/我以前来过这里。

77. I wonder if they can make it. 我在想他们是不是能办得到。

78. It’s not as cold / hot as it was yesterday. 今天不想昨天那么冷/热。

79. It’s not his work that bothers me; it’s his attitude. 困扰我的不是他的工作,而是他的态度。

80. It sounds like you enjoyed it. 听起来你好象蛮喜欢的。

81. It seems to me that be would like to go back home. 我觉得他好象想要回家。

82. It looks very nice. 看起来很漂亮。

83. everything under control? 一切都在掌握之中吗?

84. I thought you could do a better job. 我以为你的表现会更好。

85. It’s time for us to say “No” to America. 是我们对美国说不的时候了。

86. The show is supposed to be good. 这场表演应当是相当好的。

87. It really depends on who is in charge. 那纯粹要看谁负责了。

88. It involves a lot of hard work. 那需要很多的辛勤工作。

89. That might be in your fav123 那可能对你有利。

90. I didn’t realize how much this meant to you. 我不知道这个对你的意义有这么大。

91. I didn’t mean to offend you. 我不是故意冒犯你。

92. I was wondering if you were doing anything this weeke12 我想知道这个周末你有什么要做。

93. I have your attention., please? 请大家注意一下。

94. This is great golfing / swimming/ picnic weather. 这是个打高尔夫球/游泳/野餐的好天气。

95. Thanks for taking me the movie. 谢谢你带我去看电影。

96. I am too tired to speak. 我累得说不出活来。

97. Would you tell me your phone number? 你能告诉我你的电话号码吗?

98. Where did you learn to speak English? 你从哪里学会说英语的呢?

99. There is a TV show about AIDS on right now. 电视正在播放一个关于爱滋病的节目。

100. What do you think of his new job/ this magazine? 你对他的新工作/这本杂志看法如何

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